Starting with the camp at Mauthausen, the number of subcamps expanded over time and by the summer of Mauthausen and its subcamps had become one of the largest labour camp complexes in the German-controlled part of Europe. As at other Nazi concentration camps, the inmates at Mauthausen and its subcamps were forced to work as slave labourunder conditions that caused many deaths. Mauthausen and its subcamps included quarries, munitions factories, mines, arms factories and plants assembling Me fighter aircraft.
Why, you may ask, should we talk about WOMEN when we know that the Nazis murdered 6 million Jews without regard to whether they were men, women, or children 1. One answer is that concentrating on a particular group helps us break down that daunting number of six million, and helps us think about individuals. A second answer is that a focus on women provides us with a more detailed, more nuanced, and more complete understanding of what happened to Jews during the Holocaust.
On April 11,American troops liberated Buchenwald, one of the largest concentration camps established by the Nazis during the second World War. Soldiers from the 6th Armored Division, part of the Third Army, freed 21, prisoners that day. Yet for many, help came too late.
O ne morning in the spring ofyears before the end of World War II, Huntsville, Texas woke up to a startling sound: the clip-clapping boots of Nazi soldiers in formation, singing German marching songs as they made their way through the dusty streets of the small town. The townspeople watched as barracks went up, surrounded by barbed wire and chain link fences, and wondered what, exactly, they were in for. Americans had only been in the war for a year when POW camps were being built, and residents of Huntsville had little time to prepare for the reality of thousands of Nazi prisoners taking up residence just eight miles from the town limits.
The monotonous clattering of their wooden clogs was the only way we could tell they were not ghosts. The scarves were the only way we could tell they these prisoners were women. We could see that the heads of those without scarves were shaved and bald like us.
One of the most horrifying testimonies from the horrors of the Holocaust was left by a conscience-stricken SS officer, Kurt Gersteinwho visited the deathcamps Belzec and Treblinka in August and witnessed the mass gassing of Jewish men, women and children. Gerstein was shocked by what he had seen. Yet, he realized that as a witness, his position was unique, and he was determined to expose what he knew to the world to stop the atrocities: "I was one of the handful of people who had seen every corner of the establishment, and certainly the only one to have visited it as an enemy of this gang of murderers
Excavators discover 50 bodies buried in the grounds of a boys' borstal, which was only shut in For years, almost no one at the Dozier School even knew about the burial ground in a clearing in the woods on the edge of campus. It was forbidden territory.
Dyrcz was there to help mitigate the effects decades of air pollution had on the forest, attempting to let its original pine trees grow once more. But the student was about to change history. As he dug, Dyrcz discovered a leather briefcase buried in the ground. He opened it up and found a thermos.
Life in the Jewish ghettos of the Holocaust was indeed torture. After their invasion of Poland inthe Nazis began setting up Jewish ghettos both in that country and across Europe. Jewish civilians were branded and forcibly deported into small, cramped quarters, often segregated from the rest of the city with walls or barbed wire.